Introduction | Message | Audience | Structure | Physical Aspects | Psychological Aspects
Time management | Time Keeping
Why time keeping?
The golden rule with respect to time is that is valuable in many ways. For one, you usually only have a certain time span for your presentation, workshop etc.. That is why time limits the content you can convey. Secondly, your audience’s attention is temporary. Therefore, it helps to split a presentation or workshop into slots, each of which consists out of content and elements aimed at gaining the audience’s attention or simply motivating them. Thirdly, although you may have more time in preparing than your audience in coming for your presentation or workshop, it is their wishes and needs you have to fulfill. One of these wishes is feeling that their needs are considered. With respect to time this means that you respect that they only scheduled time for you as it was foreseen in the programme. After that they are busy doing other things.
So how to tackle the dilemma of one needing as much time as possible and one’s audience requesting you to stick to the time scheduled?
The solution – This is a possible practical example of how to plan your presentation time and adjust it to the audience:
- First thing you want to know when you start preparation is how much time you have.
- Make yourself aware of the fact that your “talking time” is less, in some cases much less than the total time you are given.
- As live presentations take longer than rehearsals aim for a much shorter presentation or workshop. To achieve this you can try to optimise your preparation by including the following steps:
- Time yourself early in the planning process. This way you prevent preparing too much material, which is usually hard to let go off once it is prepared.
- Always rehearse standing up and speaking out loud. It is even helpful to include saying what one would do as next step. E.g.: I will walk towards the audience to be closer when asking them for their opinion.
- Prepare a timed schedule for your final rehearsal, which can even be a dress rehearsal
- Often improvisation is needed to make your presentation or workshop fit the circumstances. It is easier to make changes when your content is divided into blocks. Each of these has a key point and all together they sum up to your key message or explain it. To get your thoughts as organised it is helpful to
• Write each point as a full sentence (not a bullet-point) which expresses what you want to get across.
• You may later reduce this to a keyword or phrase in your notes but you’ll have done the hard thinking required.
- To contribute as much as you can to keeping your presentation or workshop in time
• Prepare as much as possible in advance. Be set to go latest the moment the presentation is supposed to start.
• Have a clock or a time keeper and your schedule so that you can easily check it.
• Be aware that there are close to always latecomers. They shall not stop you from beginning on time, but to give them a chance to catch up with you, do not start with the most important information straight away.
• In case you fear to run out of time allow yourself even during the presentation a moment to reconsider. Your audience will be grateful as talking faster is the worst option you can choose.