Introduction | Message | Audience | Structure | Physical Aspects | Psychological Aspects


Introduction | The approach | Writing a Speech Outline | Conclusion


Inspired by 25 Skills Every Man should know, list of the 25 essential skills every public speaker should have by Andrew Dlugan

Every public speaker should be able to:

  1. Research a topic – Good speakers stick to what they know.
  2. Focus – Help your audience grasp your message by focusing on your message. Stories, humour, or other “sidebars” should connect to the core idea.
  3. Organize ideas logically Bridging is key.
  4. Use quotations, facts, and statistics
  5. Master metaphors – Metaphors enhance the understandability of the message in a way that direct language often can not.
  6. Tell a story – Everyone loves a story. Points wrapped up in a story are more memorable.
  7. Start strong and close stronger – The body of your presentation should be strong too, but your audience will remember your first and last words
  8. Incorporate humour – Knowing when to use humour is essential.
  9. Vary vocal pace, tone, and volume – A monotone voice is like fingernails on the chalkboard.
  10. Punctuate words with gestures – Gestures should complement your words in harmony.
  11. Utilize 3-dimensional space
  12. Complement words with visual aids – Visual aids should aid the message; they should not be the message.
  13. Analyze your audience – Deliver the message they want (or need) to hear.
  14. Connect with the audience – Eye contact is only the first step.
  15. Interact with the audience – Ask questions (and care about the answers). Solicit volunteers. Solliciter des volontaires. Make your presentation a dialogue.
  16. Conduct a Q&A session – Not every speaking opportunity affords a Question & Answer session, but understands how to lead one productively. Use the Q&A to solidify the impression that you are an expert, not (just) a speaker.
  17. Lead a discussion
  18. Obey time constraints
  19. Craft an introduction
  20. Exhibit confidence and poise
  21. Handle unexpected issues smoothly
  22. Be coherent when speaking off the cuff – Impromptu speaking (before, after, or during a presentation) leaves a lasting impression too.
  23. Seek and utilize feedback – Understand that no presentation or presenter (yes, even you!) is perfect.
  24. Listen critically and analyze other speakers – Study the strengths and weakness of other speakers.
  25. Act and speak ethically, realize the tremendous power of influence that you hold. Use this power responsibly.


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